Assimilation of special observations taken during the INDOEX and its impact on the global analysis-forecast system

M. DAS GUPTA, S. BASU, R. K. PALIWAL, U. C. MOHANTY, N. V. SAM

Abstract

For accurate determination of the three-dimensional structure of atmospheric circulation, it is very important to assimilate every observation from all available sources, especially over the data sparse oceanic regions. During the Indian Ocean Experiment Intensive Field Phase -1999 (INDOEX-IFP 99) several special observations were taken over the Indian Ocean region, which gave an opportunity to study this region more thoroughly. In this study these special observations, along with atmospheric motion vectors that form METEOSAT-5(63ºE), have been assimilated along with other conventional as well as non-conventional observations received at the National Centre for Medium RangeWeather Forecasting (NCMRWF) through the Global Telecommunication System (GTS) in its global analysesforecast system. The aim of this study is to assess the impact of the additional data on the Global Data Assimilation system of NCMRWF as well as to create better initial conditions for its future use in modeling studies. Impact of INDOEX data sets on analyses and subsequent 5-day forecast has been studied on the monthly mean fields. Mean wind field shows the strengthening of trade winds in the lower levels and the strengthening of the wind around sub-tropical anticyclone in the higher levels. It is found that the impact is stronger over the data sparse oceanic region and in the higher levels compared to the lower levels. The impact of these data sets is studied on different initial conditions as well as forecast as part of case studies. Significant positive impacts, specially on analysis, are noticed over those oceanic regions where some well-defined synoptic system persisted.

Keywords

Data assimilation; INDOEX; forecasting

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