Operational speciation of Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn in dust samples from schools in Caracas, Venezuela

H. HANDT, R. FERNÁNDEZ, Z. BENZO, C. GOMÉZ, E. MARCANO, F. GALÁRRAGA, R. GONZÁLEZ

Abstract

A sequential extraction approach has been applied to analyze Cd, Cr, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, V and Zn in dust samples from different schools chosen according with their location in areas with different concentrations of total suspended particles (TSP). The aim of this work is to provide information about the chemical fractionation of metal content. Hence, information about the origin, mode of occurrence, mobilization and transport of metals could be obtained. Total and partial metal concentrations were further determined by analyzing the samples after acid digestion procedure. The results compare very well for both methods. The metals are associated with various chemical forms as distinguished by sequential chemical extraction. The carbonate and Fe-Mn oxide phases dominate for Pb, Zn and Cu, whereas for Ni the organic phase is most important. V, Mn, Cr, Cd are mainly present in the oxide phases, however they are too in a residual phase but in minor proportion. The different sources for the elements studied are supported by the results from multivariate (PCA) analysis.

Keywords

Operational speciation, metals, dust, schools

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