Sensitivity of PBL schemes of the WRF-ARW model in simulating the boundary layer flow parameters for their application to air pollution dispersion modeling over a tropical station

Rahul Boadh, A.N.V. Satyanarayana, T. V. B. P. S. Rama Krishna, Srikanth Madala

Abstract

Mesoscale atmospheric circulations play an important role in the transport of air pollution and local air quality issues. The planetary boundary layer (PBL), the thermo-dynamical structure and the flow field play an important role in air pollution dispersion. Hence, the PBL parameters over Nagpur, India are simulated using the ARW v. 3.6.1 mesoscale model. High-resolution simulations are conducted with triple nested domains having a horizontal resolution of 27, 9 and 3 km, as well as 27 vertical levels by using the 1 . 1º NCEP Final Analysis meteorological fields for initial and boundary conditions. Eight fair-weather days in winter and summer (January and April 2009) with no significant synoptic activity were chosen for the study. Sensitivity experiments of the ARW model were conducted with two non-local (Yonsei University [YSU], and Asymmetric Convective Model v. 2 [ACM2]) and three local turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) closure (Mellor-Yamada Nakanishi and Niino Level 2.5 PBL [MYNN2], Mellor-Yamada-Janjic [MYJ], and quasi-normal scale elimination [QNSE]) turbulence diffusion parameterizations, to study the evolution of PBL parameters and the thermodynamical structure during the study period. After validation of the simulated parameters with the available in-situ data, it was revealed that the non-local PBL scheme YSU, followed by local scheme MYNN2, could able to capture the characteristic variations of surface meteorological variables and the thermodynamical structure of the atmosphere. The present results suggest that the PBL schemes, namely YSU and MYNN2, performed better in representing the boundary-layer parameters and are useful for air pollution dispersion studies.

Keywords

Planetary boundary layer; WRF; mesoscale; thermodynamical structure

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