The mid-summer drought spatial variability over Mesoamerica
Main Article Content
The region that includes southern Mexico and Central America is known as Mesoamerica. The annual cycle of precipitation characteristic of the Pacific slope of this region presents a bimodal distribution on summertime, with two maxima and a relative intraseasonal minimum, known as the Mid-Summer Drought (MSD). In this study, the small-scale (tens of kilometers) variability of the MSD is analyzed. Numerical simulations are performed using the regional climate model RegCM4 over a Mesoamerican domain for a six-year period. ERA Interim reanalysis data is used as initial and lateral boundary conditions. The domain is subdivided into smaller areas and the average annual cycle of precipitation distribution is computed for each of them. The MSD pattern is found to present a high spatial variability in the intensity of its two maxima and even the total absence of its characteristic minimum. Such behavior is attributed to soil-atmosphere and terrain topography interactions that are better resolved with a regional climate model.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Once an article is accepted for publication, the author(s) agree that, from that date on, the owner of the copyright of their work(s) is Atmósfera.
Reproduction of the published articles (or sections thereof) for non-commercial purposes is permitted, as long as the source is provided and acknowledged.
Authors are free to upload their published manuscripts at any non-commercial open access repository.