Antagonism of Bacillus licheniformis M2–7 against phytopathogen fungi of Mangifera indica L.

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Lizandra Albarrán-de la Luz
Miguel A. Rodríguez-Barrera
Giovanni Hernández-Flores
Martha Lopezaraiza Mikel
Lorena Alemán-Figueroa
Jeiry Toribio-Jiménez
Yanet Romero-Ramírez


The biological control using organisms that inhibit growth or the appearance of pests or diseases has proven to be a successful alternative for mango disease control. In this work, in vitro  analyses were carried out with Bacillus licheniformis  M2–7 and B. licheniformis  LYA12 strain derived from M2–7 against the phytopathogenic fungi Aspergillus oryzae, Colletotrichum  sp., and Aspergillus niger. Besides, the effect of bacteria on the micellar structure of phytopathogenic fungi was observed and evaluated through real-time PCR, the expression of two main metacaspases (casA  and casB) that triggers the process of programmed cell death in fungi. The results obtained showed that both bacterial species inhibited by 45, 40, and 35 % the fungal growth of Aspergillus oryzae , Colletotrichum  sp., and Aspergillus niger, respectively. The bacteria presence affected the mycelial appearance of the fungi because they presented fragmentation of the hyphae with intracellular inclusion bodies, swellings, malformations and scarce growth of the hyphae. The gene expression results conclude that the LYA12 and M2-7 strains against A. oryzae  and A. niger have a fungicidal effect; therefore, the bacterial strains could be used in disease control in mango.


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