CHARACTERIZATION OF A <em>Microbacterium</em> sp. STRAIN ISOLATED FROM SOILS CONTAMINATED WITH HYDROCARBONS IN THE BURGOS BASIN, MEXICO

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María Antonia Cruz-Hernández
Jessica Reyes-Peralta
Alberto Mendoza-Herrera
Gildardo Rivera
Virgilio Bocanegra-García

Resumen

The development of novel bioremediation strategies has focused on the isolation and identification of microorganisms that can thrive in polluted environments to evaluate their potential as biotechnological tools in bioremediation techniques. In this work, a bacterium isolated from hydrocarbon-contaminated soils from the Burgos basin was identified and its hydrocarbon degradation potential was evaluated. Identification based on sequencing the 16S rRNA gene identified one of the isolates (R3) as Microbacterium petrolearium. This strain was mainly antibiotic-sensitive with elevated carbohydrate assimilation differing from previously reported strains. Moderate surfactant production (I24 = 22.97 %) was observed, which was absent in a cell-free extract. M. petrolearium R3 showed increased growth that correlated with pollutant concentration. For light crude oil, at a higher contaminant percentage, the R3 strain showed increased growth; however, in the case of diesel, no growth was detected. The aforementioned data indicate that M. petrolearium strain R3, isolated from local sources, has potential use as a tool for hydrocarbon-contaminated soil bioremediation.

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