A neural network approach for temperature retrieval from AMSU-A measurements onboard NOAA-15 and NOAA-16 satellites and a case study during Gonu cyclone



A neural network (NN) technique is used to obtain vertical profiles of temperature from NOAA-15 and 16 Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A (AMSU-A) measurements over the Indian region. The corresponding global analysis data generated by National Center for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) and AMSU-A data from July 2006 to April 2007 are used to build the NN training data-sets and the independent dataset of May 2007 to July 2007 divided randomly into two independent dataset for training (land) and testing (ocean). NOAA-15 and 16 satellite data has been obtained in the form of level 1b (instrument counts, navigation and calibration information appended) format and pre-processed by ATOVS (Advanced TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder) and AVHRR (Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer) Processing Package (AAPP). The root mean square (RMS) error of temperature profile retrieved with the NN is compared with the errors from the International Advanced TOVS (ATOVS) Processing Package (IAPP). The over all results based on the analysis of the training and independent datasets show that the quality of retrievals with NN provide better results over the land and comparable over the ocean. The RMS errors of NN are found to be less than 3 ºC at the surface, 0.9º to 2.2º between 700 and 300 hPa and less than 2 ºC between 300 and 100 hPa. It has also been observed that the NN technique can yield remarkably better results than IAPP at the low levels and at about 200-hPa level. Finally, the network based AMSU-A 54.94-GHz (Channel-7) brightness temperature (maximum Tb) and its warm core anomaly near the center of the cyclone has been used for the analysis of Gonu cyclone formed over Arabian Sea during 31 May to 7 June 2007. Further, the anomalies are related to the intensification of the cyclone. It has been found that the single channel AMSU-A temperature anomaly at 200 hPa can be a good indicator of the intensity of tropical cyclone. Therefore it may be stated that optimized NN can be easily applied to AMSU-A retrieval operationally and it can also offer substantial opportunities for improvement in tropical cyclone studies.


NN, AAPP, IAPP, AMSU-MBT, brightness temperature (Tb), NOAA, AMSU.

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