Simulation of high impact convective events over Indian region by ARPS model with assimilation of Doppler weather radar radial velocity and reflectivity

KULDEEP SRIVASTAVA, S. K. ROY BHOWMIK, S. SEN ROY, S. B. THAMPI, Y. K. REDDY

Abstract

In this paper, impact of assimilation of Indian Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) data has been assessed by numerical weather prediction system (ARPS) at 9 km horizontal resolution. The radial velocity and reflectivity observations from two DWR stations namely, Chennai (Lat. 13.0° N and Long. 80.0° E) and Machilipatnam (Lat. 16.5° N and Long. 81.3° E) are assimilated using the ARPS Data Assimilation System (ADAS) and cloud analysis scheme of the model. Two case studies selected are 1) Bay of Bengal Tropical Cyclone Ogni of October 2006 and 2) A local thunderstorm event of 5 June 2009 over the southeast parts of India. The study shows that the model at 9 km resolution with the assimilation of DWR observations (Chennai) could simulate mesoscale features such as: number of cells, spiral rain band structure, location of the center, strengthening of the lower tropospheric winds and northerly movement of the small size cyclonic storm in the analysis as well as in the forecasts. The model with DWR assimilation could retain the intensity of the cyclone up to 6 hours of forecasts. Thereafter the cyclone showed a weakening trend when it was drifting away from the radar site. In case of thunderstorm, the model with the DWR assimilation could capture the convective precipitation in the right location. The DWR assimilation could realistically reproduce the development process and south-westward movement of thunderstorm cells.

Keywords

Radial wind, reflectivity, ADAS, cloud analysis, cyclone, thunderstorm.

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