Inference of surface concentrations of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in Colombia from tropospheric columns of the ozone measurement instrument (OMI)

JOHN FREDDY GRAJALES, ASTRID BAQUERO-BERNAL

Abstract

For the first time, maps of surface concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) are presented for the Colombian territory. NO2 surface concentrations for the year 2007 are inferred based on two sources of tropospheric NO2 column data: (1) a simulation using a three-dimensional global model (GEOS-Chem) and (2) measurements made by the ozone monitoring instrument (OMI) onboard the NASA Aura satellite. Results show monthly averages between 0.1 and 6 ppbv. We compare these inferred values to corrected ground measurements of NO2. We find correlation coefficients of up to 0.91 between the inferred data and the corrected observational data. A significant source of NO2 is biomass burning, which can be diagnosed by data of fire radiative power (FRP) from the Monitoring of Atmospheric Composition and Climate (MACC) reanalysis. We find a close relationship between high values of inferred NO2 surface concentrations and biomass burning for a large area which encompasses the departments of Caquetá, Meta, Guaviare, Vichada, and Putumayo.

Keywords

Inference of nitrogen dioxide surface concentration; density of tropospheric columns; OMI; GEOS-Chem; fire radiative power; chemiluminescence interference; overestimation; Colombia.

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