A climate analogue approach to understanding the future climates of six western South American capital cities

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Reinhardt Erwin Pinzón
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5746-9470
Tosiyuki Nakaegawa
Kenshi Hibino
Izuru Takayabu

Abstract

Future climate analogues were identified for six capital cities in western South America using a novel nonparametric technique and ensemble experiments. We applied the MRI-AGCM3.2H model with a horizontal resolution of approximately 60 km, three convection schemes, four sea surface temperature distributions, and two initial conditions. All ensemble experiments were conducted under scenario A1B of the Special Report on Emissions Scenarios, in which cumulative emissions are similar to those of the RCP 6.0 scenario. The majority of future analogue cities were at lower latitudes than their respective target cities. In general, all analogues of target cities had similarity scores of 0.1-0.3. Of the six analogues, four were located in central and southern Africa, whereas the remaining two were located in western South America. Projected seasonal variations in surface air temperature and precipitation in Santiago, Chile are similar to the current climate in Cape Town, South Africa, and the climate analogue for La Paz, Bolivia, is found in Oruro, Bolivia. The non-parametric method used in this study can be applied to a variety of impact assessments under a changing global climate.

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