Domestic Electricity Consumption in Mexican Metropolitan Areas under Climate Change Scenarios

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Adalberto Tejeda Martínez
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2513-3454
Irving Rafael Méndez Pérez
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3263-0125
Daniela Alejandra Cruz Pastrana
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2077-6821

Abstract

The following estimates analyse human bioclimatic conditions due to climate change in three time horizons, as suggested by Article 2 of the Paris Agreement. Each scenario corresponds to an increase in the global average temperature (∆T) of 1 ºC, 1.5 ºC and 2 ºC, respectively. The measurements of residential electricity consumption for air conditioning were made in 30 metropolitan areas of Mexico with at least half a million inhabitants in 2010. Bioclimatic conditions also included estimates of the effects of urban heat islands (UHI). Use of heating will decrease and, in some cases, disappear, while the need for cooling will increase. Electricity consumption due to cooling is expected to increase in Mexicali, Reynosa-Río Bravo (on the border with the United States), Cancún, Villahermosa, and Veracruz (on the shores of the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico). Urban areas like Toluca, Pachuca, Xalapa, San Luis Potosí, and Puebla-Tlaxcala used little or no energy for cooling in the second decade of the 21st century but will need to do so halfway through the century.

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Author Biographies

Adalberto Tejeda Martínez, Grupo de Climatología Aplicada de la Universidad Veracruzana. Cto. Gonzálo Aguirre Beltrán S/N, Zona Universitaria. C.P. 91090 Xalapa, Veracruz, México

Researcher

Irving Rafael Méndez Pérez, Centro de Ciencias de la Tierra de la Universidad Veracruzana. Francisco J. Moreno # 207, Colonia Emiliano Zapata, Xalapa, Veracruz, C.P. 91090. Tel. +52 2288421700 Ext. 12695

Researcher

Daniela Alejandra Cruz Pastrana, Private environmental consultant. Argentina #52-73, Colonia Benito Juárez, Xalapa, Veracruz, C.P. 91056

Private environmental consultant

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