Main Article Content
This study presents the daily atmospheric circulation patterns at surface and altitude related to the South Atlantic Convergence Zone (SACZ) events that occurred between 2007 and 2017. For this analysis, Principal Pattern Sequence Analysis (PPSA) and sea level pressure and geopotential height reanalysis were used. Four typical atmospheric circulation patterns associated with SACZ episodes were identified. Three of them are related to the propagation of a cold front toward southeastern Brazil with a post-frontal anticyclone moving over the Atlantic Ocean. The fourth pattern is associated with the presence of a cut-off low centered over the Central-South region of Brazil that induces moisture transport from the Atlantic Ocean and from the Amazon Basin to most of southeastern Brazil. Considering the first three patterns, they represent, respectively, a frontal wave, a classical cold front and a slow-moving cold front. All of these patterns provides permanent northwesterly winds in the lower troposphere over southeastern Brazil from two days before the SACZ occurrence.
Once an article is accepted for publication, the author(s) agree that, from that date on, the owner of the copyright of their work(s) is Atmósfera.
Reproduction of the published articles (or sections thereof) for non-commercial purposes is permitted, as long as the source is provided and acknowledged.
Authors are free to upload their published manuscripts at any non-commercial open access repository.