Evaluation of the WRF-ARW model during an extreme rainfall event: subtropical storm Guará

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Yasmin Kaore Lago Kitagawa
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8550-2573
Erick Giovani Sperandio Nascimento
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2219-0290
Noéle Bissoli Perini Souza
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4781-3987
Pedro Junior Zucatelli
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6744-5376
Prashant Kumar
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2462-4411
Taciana Toledo de Almeida Albuquerque
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6611-0283
Marcelo Romero Moraes
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4685-4709
Davidson Martins Moreira
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0902-5218

Abstract

This study simulates an unusual extreme rainfall event that occurred in Salvador City, Bahia, Brazil, on December 9, 2017, which was the subtropical storm Guará and had precipitation of approximately 24 mm within less than 1 h. Numerical simulations were conducted using the weather research and forecasting (WRF) model over three domains with horizontal resolutions of 9, 3, and 1 km. Different combinations of seven microphysics, three cumulus, and three planetary boundary layer schemes were evaluated based on their ability to simulate the hourly precipitation during this rainfall event. The results were compared with the data measured at the Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET) meteorological stations. The best configuration for the planetary boundary layer, cumulus, and microphysics schemes were Mellor-Yamada-Janjić, Grell-Devenyi, and Lin, respectively. The WRF model could depict the daily variations on the hourly parameters well, along with the spatial and temporal evolution of the extreme event.

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