Agroclimatic zoning of the state of Nayarit, México

Main Article Content

Mayra Mendoza Cariño
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3253-9268
Ana Laura Bautista Olivas
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2806-0681
Daniel Mendoza Cariño
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9807-5884
Carlos Alberto Ortíz Solorio
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9634-8244
Héctor Duarte Tagles
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1058-261X
Gerardo Cruz Flores
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5604-2707

Abstract

Agriculture productivity in the state of Nayarit has decreased since 1998. The aim of the study was to undertake the agroclimatic zoning across the state in order to determine the type of crops more convenient to render the highest yields, based on Papadakis climate classification system. Hydric and thermal characteristics pertaining to the geographic distribution of crops were used, as well as indexes derived from meteorological data provided by 25 climate stations. There were three climatic groups identified: tropical, subtropical and cold land, having four, three and two subgroups each, respectively. First two climatic groups support winter cereals such as oat (Avena sativa L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), rye (Secale cereale L.) and wheat (Triticum aestivum L.); and summer cereals such as corn (Zea mays L.), millet (Panicum italicum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench); in addition to banana (Musa paradisiaca L.), citrus and potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) and sugar cane (Saccharum officinarum L.). On the other hand, corn and potato were found in the cold land climatic group. Based on Papadakis’ methodology, for each climatic sub-group identified, a set of recommendation management were given to improve yields: crop type, sowing season, irrigation, fertilizing and other agrochemicals application; and to avoid crop damage. Agroclimatic zoning map was generated by using the inverse distance weighted interpolation method. This study may contribute to the successful planning of crops across the region and thus improving the state’s economy.

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Author Biographies

Mayra Mendoza Cariño, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.

Profesor investigador

Ana Laura Bautista Olivas, Universidad de Sonora. Departamento de Agricultura y Ganadería. Carretera Bahía de Kino Hermosillo km 22, Apartado postal 305, Hermosillo, Sonora, México.

Profesor Investigador

Daniel Mendoza Cariño, Universidad Tecnológica de Tecamachalco. Avenida Universidad Tecnológica 1, Barrio la Villita, Código postal 75483 Tecamachalco, Puebla.

Profesor

Carlos Alberto Ortíz Solorio, Colegio de Postgraduados. Campus Montecillo, Carretera México-Texcoco km 36.5, Montecillo, Texcoco, Código postal 56230, Estado de México, México.

Profesor Investigador

Héctor Duarte Tagles, Universidad de Sonora. Universidad de Sonora, División de Ciencias Biológicas y de la Salud, Unidad Regional Centro, Apartado postal 305, Hermosillo, Sonora, México.

Profesor

Gerardo Cruz Flores, Facultad de Estudios Superiores Zaragoza, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Batalla 5 de mayo, sin número, esquina Fuerte de Loreto, colonia Ejército de Oriente, Iztapalapa, Código postal 09230, Ciudad de México, México.

Profesor Investigador

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