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Study of long term variability of temperature and rainfall in the context of climate change is of much importance particularly in the region where rainfed agriculture is predominant. Long term trends of temperature and rainfall have been investigated over Kolkata, India, a tropical region using gridded monthly precipitation and temperature data obtained from Global Precipitation and Climate Centre (GPCC V7) with 0.5° X 0.5° resolution for the period 1901 to 2014. Precipitation concentration index, coefficient of variation, rainfall anomaly have been calculated and Palmer drought severity index data have been analyzed. Furthermore, Mann-Kendall test and sen’s slope estimator have been used to detect time series trend. Annual temperature and rainfall have been increased with a rate of 0.0082°C/ year and 0.03 mm/ year respectively. Statistically significant increasing trend has been observed for most of the months for temperature and rainfall. Winter and monsoon period shows highest and lowest inter-annual variability respectively. Rainfall with high precipitation concentration index (16-20) has been observed for the period 1951-1975 and 1976-2000. It has been observed that the number of years with dry conditions have been increased. However, the intensity of dryness is very near to zero. The information from this study will be helpful for the farmers to plan for resilient farming.
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