The biosphere and climate

KIRILL YA. KONDRATYEV

Abstract

A review of the results of studying the role of the biosphere in the climate formation has been made which shows that a new stage of the climate theory development has been started which demonstrates the necessity to take into account biospheric processes. This has been demonstrated by the need to more adequately consider land surface processes as well as by obvious requirements to take into account the interaction between biogeochemical cycles and climate. Various approaches to the consideration of the biosphere as a climate-forming factors have been discussed as well as some results of numerical modelling and possibilities to utilize data of combined surface and satellite observations to determine those parameters which characterize the interaction between the atmosphere and biosphere.

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