Volatile organic compounds emissions from gasoline and diesel powered vehicle

V. MUGICA, E. VEGA, G. SÁNCHEZ, E. REYES, JOSÉ LUIS ARRIAGA, J. CHOW, J. WATSON, R. EGAMI

Abstract

In this research, volatile organic compound emissions were characterized from gasoline and diesel vehicles. Sampling campaigns in the Metropolitan Area of Mexico City were designed and carried out in tunnels, crossroads, and truck and bus terminals. The samples were analyzed with gas chromatography getting more than 250 different compounds, being more or less 60 of them the 80% of all the emissions. The most abundant are the two carbon compounds, as a result of the combustion, and compounds related to fuels composition, like isopentane, xylenes, toluene among others. The profiles obtained in tunnels and crossroads were very similar with the exception of the 3 and 4 carbon compounds, which were found in bigger proportion in the profiles at crossroads. This may probably be due to the blend with the ambient air. The profiles corresponding to trucks and buses have a smaller content of two carbon compounds and a bigger content of xylenes, toluene and ethylbenzene. The variations in the proportion of the compounds allow to differentiate the profiles of vehicles using gasoline and diesel.

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