Some variations of the rainfall in Mexico City from 1954 to 1988 and their statistical significance

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Some characteristics of the precipitation such as the beginning and end of the rainy season, as well as their spatial and temporal distributions are studied. The study included data from 23 climatological stations located in the Federal District for the period 1954-1988. Four variables related to the beginning and end of the rainy season were defined, namely the day of the first and last event with 10 mm of accumulated precipitation and the percentage of accumulated precipitation until Julian days 150 and 275. An analysis of variance and principal components was made with these variables, establishing that rainfall in the Federal District (which includes part of Mexico City and its surrounding areas) responds homogeneously through time to the presence of mesoscale meteorological phenomena. The results indicate that precipitation was lower at the beginning and end of the study period, and higher in the middle; additionally, the rainy season starts from west to east and ends from east to west, causing a longer season in the southwest than in the northeast. The spatial distribution shows the greatest rainfall in the southwest due to the effect of the nearby mountains, and the lowest in the northeast.


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