Performance evaluation of a coupled method for the estimation of daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface

Selmin Ener Ruşen

Abstract

The accurate estimation of the amount of global solar radiation potential on the earth’s surface is one of the most important parameters for solar energy investments and long-term climate studies. The most accurate solar radiation data are generally available in some ground stations where they are obtained by using direct measurement. However, the estimation of global solar radiation data can be conducted by some estimation methods in the areas that do not have this information. This study compares and discusses some approaches to identify the most accurate method for daily global solar radiation reaching on a horizontal surface. The comparisons are carried out between some selected conventional empirical methods taken from the related literature, the satellite-based HELIOSAT method and the coupled (hybrid) method which uses both ground data and satellite images. These selected methods have been tested previously and declared most accurate by many researchers for Turkey. The performance results were compared with ground-measured data and all methods were analyzed by using statistical errors in the selected site. According to the last six years of data results, the coupled method is better than the others (except the Angstrom method), with daily difference values (91%) and daily absolute difference values lower than 2.5 MJ m–2 day.

Keywords

Solar radiation estimation; coupled method; satellite image; HELIOSAT

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